Hark! The Herald Angels Sing

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1 Hark! The herald angels sing,
“Glory to the newborn king.
Peace on earth and mercy mild,
God and sinners reconciled!”
Joyful all ye nations, rise;
join the triumph of the skies;
with the angelic host proclaim,
“Christ is born in Bethlehem!”

Refrain:
Hark! The herald angels sing,
“Glory to the newborn king!”

2 Christ, by highest heaven adored,
Christ the everlasting Lord,
late in time behold him come,
offspring of the virgin’s womb.
Veiled in flesh the Godhead see;
hail the incarnate deity,
pleased in flesh with us to dwell,
Jesus, our Emmanuel. [Refrain]

3 Hail the heaven-born Prince of Peace!
Hail the sun of righteousness!
Light and life to all he brings,
risen with healing in his wings.
Mild he lays his glory by,
born that we no more may die,
born to raise us from the earth,
born to give us second birth. [Refrain]



Source: Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #119

Author: Charles Wesley

Charles Wesley, the son of Samuel Wesley, was born at Epworth, Dec. 18, 1707. He was educated at Westminster School and afterwards at Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated M.A. In 1735, he took Orders and immediately proceeded with his brother John to Georgia, both being employed as missionaries of the S.P.G. He returned to England in 1736. For many years he engaged with his brother in preaching the Gospel. He died March 29, 1788. To Charles Wesley has been justly assigned the appellation of the "Bard of Methodism." His prominence in hymn writing may be judged from the fact that in the "Wesleyan Hymn Book," 623 of the 770 hymns were written by him; and he published more than thirty poetical works, written either by himself alone,… Go to person page >

Notes

Scripture References:
st. 1 = Luke 2:14, 2 Cor. 5:19
st. 2 = Gal. 4:4, John 1:14
st. 3 = Isa. 9:6, Mal. 4:2, Phil. 2:7-8, 1 Pet. 1:3

Charles Wesley (PHH 267) wrote this text in ten four-line stanzas and published it in Hymns and Sacred Poems (1739). Originally entitled "Hymn for Christmas Day," this most popular of Wesley's Christmas hymns began with the following words:

Hark, how all the welkin [heavens] rings
Glory to the King of Kings.

George Whitefield changed the first line to "Hark! The herald angels sing" and published the text with additional alterations in his Collection (1753). In 1782 the revised opening couplet became repeated as the refrain. The text was extensively changed and shortened by various other eighteenth-century editors as well. With a few word changes the Psalter Hymnal version is essentially the same as the one published in John Kempthorne's Select Portions of Psalms… and Hymns (1810).

Containing biblical phrases from Luke, John, and Paul, the text is a curious mixture of exclamation, exhortation, and theological reflection. The focus shifts rapidly from angels, to us, to nations. The text's strength may not lie so much in any orderly sequence of thought but in its use of Scripture to teach its theology. That teaching surely produces in us a childlike response of faith; we too can sing "Glory to the newborn King!"

Liturgical Use:
Christmas Day; another of the "must" hymns for an annual lesson/ carol festival.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1987

================

Hark! how all the welkin rings, p. 487, i. In most of the hymnals published since 1892, the well-known text, as altered in G. Whitefield's Collection, 1753, and subsequently in the Supplement to Tate & Brady, has been adopted:—
"Hark! the herald angels sing
Glory to the new-born King."
The exceptions include:—
1. The 1904 edition of Hymns Ancient & Modern where C. Wesley's opening lines:—
"Hark! how all the welkin rings,
Glory to the King of Kings,"
are restored in the first stanza, and also used as a refrain. The rest of the hymn is the same as in the old edition of Hymns Ancient & Modern.
2. The English Hymnal, 1906. In this collection C. Wesley's original text sts. i.-viii., is given as No. 23 (see p. 487), and the well-known text as in the old edition of Hymns Ancient & Modern, and other collections as No. 24.
3. In the 1906 ed. of Hymns Ancient & Modern the text as in the various editions 1861-1889, is restored, in addition to J. Wesley's original text.
4. In the Public School Hymn Book, 1903, the opening lines are:—
"Hark! the herald angel sings,
Glory to the King of kings."

--John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, New Supplement (1907)

Tune

MENDELSSOHN

The tune is from the second chorus of Felix Mendelssohn's (PHH 279) Festgesang (Op. 68) for male voices and brass; it was first performed in 1840 at the Gutenberg Festival in Leipzig, a festival celebrating the anniversary of Gutenberg's invention of the printing press. Mendelssohn's tune is similar…

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