FINLANDIA

Composer: Jean Sibelius

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Tune Information

Composer: Jean Sibelius (1899)
Meter: 10.10.10.10.10.10
Incipit: 32343 23122 33234
Key: E♭ Major/F Major
Copyright: P.D. in the U.S. and Canada, © Breitkopf & Härtel in other territories of the world

Notes

In 1899 Finnish composer Jean Sibelius (b. Hameenlina, Tavastehus, Finland, 1865; Jarvenpaa, near Helsingfors, Finland, 1957) wrote a musical score for six historical tableaux in a pageant that celebrated and supported the Finnish press against Russian oppression. In 1900 Sibelius revised the music from the final tableau into FINLANDIA, a tone poem for orchestra. The chorale-like theme that emerges out of the turbulent beginning of this tone poem became the hymn tune.

FINLANDIA was first used as a hymn tune in the Scottish Church Hymnary (1927) and the Presbyterian Hymnal (1933). The melody features several repeated and varied melody lines. It is clearly an instrumental tune, but with diligent leadership by organists, congregations can sing the various cadential tones to their proper length. Because of the long lines, accompanists must work to keep the tempo moving. The tune is a glorious setting for harmony singing by choirs. This tune is also often set to the hymn text of Katharina Von Schlegel, "Stille, mein Wille, dein Jesus hilft siegen" ("Be Still, My Soul, The Lord Is On Thy Side")

Sibelius began music studies on the piano, then violin, and at one time thought of becoming a concert violinist. But he began composing at the age of ten, and his later career in music was primarily in composition. Finland's most famous composer, Sibelius used native mythology and geography in his composition, which became a rallying point for Finland's nationalism and patriotism. In 1897 the government awarded him a pension for life for his contribution to his country. From 1900 until the outbreak of World War I he traveled extensively in Europe, often as conductor of his own works. In 1914 he visited the United States, where he was a popular conductor, and where he received an honorary degree from Yale University and taught briefly at the New England Conservatory in Boston. He did not compose during the last twenty-six years of his life. Sibelius is known especially for his symphonic music, but he also composed many songs and theater music, as well as music for piano and chamber ensembles. His only compositions for devotional use are Five Christmas Songs (1895-1913) and "You Are Mighty, a Lord" (1927) for mixed choir.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook

Media

Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #752
  • Four-part harmony, full-score (NWC)
  • Four-part harmony, full score, Alternate arrangement (NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #478
Text: Be Still, My Soul
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #7232
Text: We Rest on Thee
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #7694
Text: We Thank You, Lord
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
Timeless Truths #68
Text: Be Still, My Soul
Timeless Truths #245
Text: We Rest on Thee

Instances

Instances (1 - 100 of 102)Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
50 Favorites: and July 2013 index of supplement to Evening Light Songs #49TextPage Scan
African American Heritage Hymnal #135TextPage Scan
Ambassador Hymnal: for Lutheran worship #202
Ambassador Hymnal: for Lutheran worship #326
Ancient and Modern: hymns and songs for refreshing worship #524
Ancient and Modern: hymns and songs for refreshing worship #594Text
Ancient and Modern: hymns and songs for refreshing worship #605
Baptist Hymnal 2008 #514TextFlexScorePage Scan
Baptist Hymnal 2008 #654
Catholic Book of Worship III #634
Catholic Book of Worship III #635
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #57Text
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #680
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #697
Chalice Hymnal #566Text
Chalice Hymnal #722
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #752Score
Christian Worship: a Lutheran hymnal #415Text
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #691Text
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #701
Common Praise (1998) #540
Common Praise: A new edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern #384
Discipleship Ministries Collection #6
Evangelical Lutheran Worship #792
Evangelical Lutheran Worship #887
Gather (3rd ed.) #986
Gather Comprehensive, Second Edition #875
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #340Text InfoAudio
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #808Text InfoFlexScoreAudio
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #819Text InfoTextFlexScoreAudio
Hymns for a Pilgrim People: a congregational hymnal #389
Hymns for a Pilgrim People: a congregational hymnal #482
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #446
Hymns of Faith #411TextPage Scan
Hymns of Truth & Light #95
Hymns Old and New (Rev. and Enl.) #63
Hymns Old and New (Rev. and Enl.) #332
Lead Me, Guide Me (2nd ed.) #778
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #449FlexScore
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #685TextFlexScoreAudio
Lutheran Service Book #752Text
Lutheran Worship #510
Moravian Book of Worship #757Text
New English Praise: a supplement to the New English Hymnal #625
Praise! Our Songs and Hymns #147
Praise! Our Songs and Hymns #334
Protestant Madagascar Hymnal, 2001 #12a
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #498Text InfoTune InfoTextAudioPage Scan
Rejoice Hymns #528
Rejoice Hymns #634
Rejoice in the Lord #154TextPage Scan
Rejoice in the Lord #497
Secular Hymnal: 144 hymn tunes made inclusive for all #99TextPage Scan
Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #461
Sheng tu shi ge = Hymnary (聖徒詩歌) #463
Sing Joyfully #133
Sing Joyfully #457TextPage Scan
Singing the Faith #419
Singing the Faith #621
Small Church Music #33Audio
Small Church Music #688Audio
Soul-stirring Songs & Hymns (Rev. ed.) #112
The Celebration Hymnal: songs and hymns for worship #130Text
The Celebration Hymnal: songs and hymns for worship #175
The Celebration Hymnal: songs and hymns for worship #451
The Celebration Hymnal: songs and hymns for worship #455
The Celebration Hymnal: songs and hymns for worship #604
The Celebration Hymnal: songs and hymns for worship #712Text
The Covenant Hymnal: a worshipbook #455
The Covenant Hymnal: a worshipbook #625
The Cyber Hymnal #478TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #7232TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #7694TextScoreAudio
The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #347Text
The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #535
The New Century Hymnal #488Text
The New Century Hymnal #591
The New Century Hymnal #607
The United Methodist Hymnal #120bTextFlexScore
The United Methodist Hymnal #437
The United Methodist Hymnal #534Text
The United Methodist Hymnal #746Text
The Worshiping Church #507
The Worshiping Church #530Text
Timeless Truths #68TextScore
Timeless Truths #245TextScore
Together in Song: Australian hymn book II #123
Together in Song: Australian hymn book II #614
Together in Song: Australian hymn book II #695
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #449Text
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #689Text
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #719
TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #175TextAudio
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #297
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #652Text
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #734
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #854a
Worship and Rejoice #372
Worship and Rejoice #451Text
Worship in Song: A Friends Hymnal #304
生命聖詩 - Hymns of Life, 1986 #273
찬송과 예배 = Chansong gwa yebae = Come, Let Us Worship: the Korean-English Presbyterian hymnal and service book #307
Include 48 pre-1979 instances



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