LYONS

Composer: Joseph Martin Kraus

Joseph Martin Kraus (20 June 1756 – 15 December 1792), was a composer in the classical era who was born in Miltenberg am Main, Germany. He moved to Sweden at age 21, and died at the age of 36 in Stockholm. He is sometimes referred to as "the Swedish Mozart", and had a life span which was very similar to that of Mozart's. Kraus was born in the central German town of Miltenberg in Franconia, the son of Joseph Bernhard Kraus, a County clerk in the Archbishopric of Mainz, and Anna Dorothea née Schmidt. His father's family, originally from Augsburg, had a small restaurant in Weilbach near Amorbach, while his mother was a daughter of the master-builder at Miltenberg Johann Martin Schmidt. Joseph had 13 brothers and sisters, but seven of the… Go to person page >

Composer (attributed to): Michael Haydn

Joann Michael Haydn; b. 1737, rohrau, Austria; d. 1806, Salzburg Evangelical Lutheran Hymnal, 1908 Go to person page >

Tune Information

Composer: Joseph Martin Kraus
Composer (attributed to): Michael Haydn
Meter: 10.10.11.11
Incipit: 51123 14432 51123
Key: A Major/G Major or modal
Copyright: Public Domain

Texts

O Worship the King all glorious above

O worship the King all-glorious above,
O gratefully sing his power and his love:
our shield and defender, the Ancient of Days,
pavilioned in splendor and girded with praise.

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Ye Servants of God, Your Master Proclaim

You servants of God, your Master proclaim,
and publish abroad his wonderful name;
the name all-victorious of Jesus extol;
his kingdom is glorious and rules over all.

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Notes

LYONS, named for the French city Lyons, appeared with a reference to “Haydn” in volume 2 of William Gardiner’s (PHH 111) Sacred Melodies. However, the tune was never found in the works of Franz Joseph Haydn or those of his younger brother Johann Michael Haydn. Recent research revealed that the tune was composed by Joseph Martin Kraus, a German composer who settled in Sweden and who traveled widely throughout Europe. Die Werke von Joseph Martin Kraus systematisch-thematisches Werkvereichnis, by Bertil H. Van Boer, Jr. (Stockholm, 1988), includes information on Kraus’ “Tema con variazioni (Scherzo),” a work composed around 1785 in London with an incipit that clearly matches the opening measure of LYONS. The work was published as a set of twelve variations for piano and violin in London in 1791. The violin part may have been an addition by another composer, perhaps “G. Haydn,” since a subsequent London edition (c. 1808) was entitled “Sonita with Twelve Variations for the Piano Forte with Violin Accompaniments, composed by G. Haydn.”

Joseph Martin Kraus (b. Miltenberg am Main, Germany, 1756; d. Stockholm, Sweden, 1792) spent his youth in Germany, but in 1778 moved to Stockholm. He was elected to the Swedish Academy of Music and became the conductor of the court orchestra and eventually the best-known composer associated with the court of Gustavus III. On his travels, Kraus did meet Franz Joseph Haydn, who considered Kraus “one of the greatest geniuses I have met.” Kraus wrote operas as well as many vocal and instrumental works.

A bright melody, LYONS is much loved by many congregations. Lines 1,2, and 4 are similar in shape; lines 2 and 4 are identical. The climbing melody and dominant pedal-point of line 3 provides contrast. Sing stanzas 1, 3, and 5 in solid unison and stanzas 2 and 4 in harmony. Use clear, bright accompaniment. Maintain one pulse per bar. LYONS’ opening figure is similar to that of HANOVER (149 and 477), a good alternate tune.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1987

For the full discussion of the authorship of this tune, please consult this article:
Dismore, Margaret K. "Lyons: A Tune in Search of Its Composer." The Hymn 58.2 (Spring 2007): 27-31.

Media

Baptist Hymnal 1991 #16
Text: O Worship the King
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #589
Text: Ye Servants of God
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #30
  • Four-part harmony, full-score (PDF, NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #424
Text: Begone Unbelief
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #2344
Text: He Waters the Hills
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #4549
Text: The Night Is Far Spent
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #5540
Text: O Worship the King
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #7198
Text: We Knelt Before Kings
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #7757
Text: Ye Heavenly Choir
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #7810
Text: Ye Servants of God
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #7818
Text: Ye Thirsty for God
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #10627
Text: The Candle Of Hope
  • PDF (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer Score (NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #10639
Text: Why Sleep We, My Brethren?
  • PDF (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer Score (NWC)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #428
Text: O Worship the King
The United Methodist Hymnal #73
Text: O Worship the King
Worship and Rejoice #2
Text: O Worship the King

Instances

Instances (1 - 73 of 73)Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Ambassador Hymnal: for Lutheran worship #175
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #16TextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #589TextScoreFlexScoreAudio
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #631TextAudioPage Scan
Baptist Hymnal 2008 #24
Baptist Hymnal 2008 #348TextFlexScorePage Scan
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #52TextPage Scan
Chalice Hymnal #17TextPage Scan
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #30ScoreAudio
Evangelical Lutheran Worship #825TextPage Scan
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #41Text InfoTextFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Himnos de la Iglesia #15
Hinário para o Culto Cristão #233
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #533TextPage Scan
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #637Text
Hymns for a Pilgrim People: a congregational hymnal #38
Hymns for a Pilgrim People: a congregational hymnal #491
Hymns of Faith #60TextPage Scan
Hymns of Promise: a large print songbook #14Page Scan
Hymns of the Saints: Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints #27
Hymns of the Saints: Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints #229
Hymns of Truth & Light #16
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #2TextFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Living Hymns #11
Moravian Book of Worship #565TextPage Scan
Nyimbo za Imani Yetu #3Page Scan
Praise! Our Songs and Hymns #28Page Scan
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #476TextPage Scan
Psalms for All Seasons: a complete Psalter for worship #104FTextPage Scan
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #428Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Rejoice Hymns #27
Rejoice in the Lord #598TextPage Scan
Secular Hymnal: 144 hymn tunes made inclusive for all #9Page Scan
Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #83
Sing Joyfully #90TextPage Scan
Singing the New Testament #191
Small Church Music #309Audio
Small Church Music #1979Audio
Small Church Music #3719Audio
Small Church Music #4650Audio
Soul-stirring Songs & Hymns (Rev. ed.) #165
The A.M.E. Zion Hymnal: official hymnal of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church #4
The Celebration Hymnal: songs and hymns for worship #104
The Christian Life Hymnal #10Page Scan
The Covenant Hymnal: a worshipbook #23
The Cyber Hymnal #424TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #2344TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #4549TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #5540TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #7198TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #7757TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #7810TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #7818TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #10627ScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #10639TextScoreAudio
The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #10Text
The New Century Hymnal #26
The New National Baptist Hymnal #9
The New National Baptist Hymnal #49
The United Methodist Hymnal #73TextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #223Text
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #224
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #225
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #226
The Worshiping Church #29TextFlexScorePage Scan
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #2TextFlexScorePage Scan
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #165TextFlexScorePage Scan
TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #3TextAudio
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #293Text
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #342
Worship and Rejoice #2TextScoreAudioPage Scan
Worship in Song: A Friends Hymnal #25TextAudio
生命聖詩 - Hymns of Life, 1986 #10Text
Include 198 pre-1979 instances



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