Lift High the Cross

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Source: Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #826

Reviser: M. R. Newbolt

Michael R. Newbolt was educated at St. John's College, Oxford, and ordained as priest in the Church of England in 1900. He ministered at several churches during the early part of his career and then became principal of the Missionary College in Dorchester (1910-1916). From 1916 to 1927 he served St. Michael and All Angels Church in Brighton and from 1927 to 1946 was canon of Chester Cathedral. Newbolt wrote several theological works, including a commentary on the Book of Revelation. --www.hymnary.org/hymn/PsH/373 Go to person page >

Author: George William Kitchin

George Kitchin Birth: December 7, 1827, Naughton, Suffolk, England Death: October 13, 1912, Durham, England George William Kitchin wrote "Lift High the Cross" in 1887. Kitchin was born to a minister in Naughton, Suffolk, England. He attended King's College School and King's College. Later, he attended Christ Church College in Oxford, England, where he took a Double First in Classics and Mathematics in 1850. In 1854, Kitchin was an examiner in Mathematics. He married in 1863, and then served as Oxford's first Censor of non-collegiate students from 1868 to 1883. In 1883 he became Dean of Winchester, and he went on to become the Dean of Durham in 1894. Four years before his death, in 1908, he was appointed as Chancellor of D… Go to person page >

Notes

Scripture References:
st. 1 = Matt. 16:24, 1 Pet. 2:21
st. 2 = Rev. 7:3
st. 3 = Ps. 107:1-3
st. 4 = John 12:32
st. 5 = Matt. 1:21
st. 6 = Ps. 103:19, Matt. 25:31
st. 7 = 2 Cor. 2:14, Col. 2:15
ref. = John 3:14

George W. Kitchin (b. Naughton, Suffolk, England, 1827; d. Durham, England, 1912) wrote the original version of this text in 1887 for the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. The hymn was intended to be used for a festival service at Winchester Cathedral, England. Michael R. Newbolt (b. Dymock,
Gloucestershire, England, 1874; d. Bierton, Buckinghamshire, England, 1956) revised the text in twelve couplets for the 1916 Supplement to Hymns Ancient and Modern where it was set to CRUCIFER. Eight of his couplets are included in the seven stanzas and refrain.

Perhaps similar to Constantine's vision of Christ's cross, this text makes clear that the cross is a symbol of Christ's love. As Stanley L. Osborne (PHH 395) states, "[The text's] images are biblical, its moods expectant, its promises courageous, and its demands costly" (If Such Holy Song, 321). "Lift High the Cross" reveals many implications of Christ's cross: Christ rallies his people behind him (st. 1-2); Christ gathers his people from throughout the world (st. 3-5); Christ gives healing to the despair of the world (st. 6); Christ's victory enjoins our praise to him (st. 7).

A scholar and Anglican clergyman, Kitchin spent most of his life in academic institutions. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford, England, he was ordained in the Church of England in 1852. He served initially as a headmaster in Twyford, Hampshire, and then as a tutor at Oxford (1863-1883). Dean of Winchester Cathedral from 1883 to 1894 and of Durham Cathedral from 1894 to 1912, Kitchin was also chancellor of Durham University the last few years of his life. His publications include A Life of Pope Pius II (1881), a three volume work entitled A History of France (1877), and archeological writings.

Michael R. Newbolt was educated at St. John's College, Oxford, and ordained as priest in the Church of England in 1900. He ministered at several churches during the early part of his career and then became principal of the Missionary College in Dorchester (1910-1916). From 1916 to 1927 he served St. Michael and All Angels Church in Brighton and from 1927 to 1946 was canon of Chester Cathedral. Newbolt wrote several theological works, including a commentary on the Book of Revelation.

Liturgical Use:
Lent; Holy Week; profession of faith; baptism and similar consecration/renewal worship services; missions (thus for Epiphany or Pentecost); many other occasions, especially as an opening or closing hymn.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook

Timeline

Instances

Instances (43)TextImageAudioScoreFlexscore
African American Heritage Hymnal #242Image
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #594TextImage
Baptist Hymnal 2008 #236TextImageFlexscore
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #415Image
Celebration Hymnal #450Image
Chalice Hymnal #108Text
Christian Worship: a Lutheran hymnal #579Text
Church Hymnal, Fifth Edition #484
Complete Anglican Hymns Old & New #402
Complete Mission Praise #417
Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary #194Text
Evangelical Lutheran Worship #660Image
Gather (3rd ed.) #881Image
Gather Comprehensive #791Text
Gather Comprehensive, Second Edition #785
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #826TextImageAudioFlexscore
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #473TextImage
Hymns Ancient & Modern, New Standard Edition #72
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #508
Hymns Old and New: New Anglican #303
Lead Me, Guide Me (2nd ed.) #726
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #264ImageAudioFlexscore
Lutheran Service Book #837Text
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #371TextImage
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #373TextImageAudio
Rejoice in the Lord #415Text
Renew! #297TextImage
Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #362
Sing Glory: Hymns, Psalms and Songs for a New Century #601
Sing Joyfully #523TextImage
Sing With Me #243Text
Songs for Life #171Text
The Christian Life Hymnal #203
The Covenant Hymnal: a worshipbook #680
The Cyber Hymnal #3746TextAudioScore
The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #304
The New Century Hymnal #198Image
The United Methodist Hymnal #159TextImageAudio
The Worshiping Church #229TextImage
Together in Song: Australian Hymn Book II #351
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #263TextImage
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #151Text
Worship and Rejoice #287TextImageAudioScore



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