All People That on Earth Do Dwell

Full Text

1 All people that on earth do dwell,
sing to the Lord with cheerful voice;
him serve with mirth, his praise forth tell.
Come ye before him and rejoice.

2 Know that the Lord is God indeed;
without our aid he did us make;
we are his folk; he doth us feed,
and for his sheep he doth us take.

3 O enter then his gates with praise;
approach with joy his courts unto;
praise, laud, and bless his name always,
for it is seemly so to do.

4 For why? The Lord our God is good;
his mercy is forever sure;
his truth at all times firmly stood,
and shall from age to age endure.


Source: Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #385

Author: William Kethe

Kethe, William, is said by Thomas Warton in his History of English Poetry, and by John Strype in his Annals of the Reformation, to have been a Scotsman. Where he was born, or whether he held any preferment in England in the time of Edward VI., we have been unable to discover. In the Brieff discours off the troubles begonne at Franckford, 1575, he is mentioned as in exile at Frankfurt in 1555, at Geneva in 1557; as being sent on a mission to the exiles in Basel, Strassburg, &c, in 1558; and as returning with their answers to Geneva in 1559. Whether he was one of those left behind in 1559 to "finishe the bible, and the psalmes bothe in meeter and prose," does not appear. The Discours further mentions him as being with the Earl of Warwick and… Go to person page >

Notes

A call to praise the LORD for showing grace and faithfulness toward "the sheep of his pasture" (v.3).

Scripture References:
st. 1 = vv. 1-2
st. 2 = v. 3
st. 3 = v. 4
st. 4 = v. 5

Psalm 100 brings to a close a collection of psalms that celebrate the LORD's righteous rule over all creation (93, 95-99). Like the others, it was composed to be sung by the Levites at a high religious festival that annually celebrated the LORD's kingship over the entire world (perhaps the Feast of Tabernacles). Psalm 100 is the Hebrew equivalent of a cheerleader's shout–a strong call to worship the LORD with joyful song (st. 1, 3): the LORD is the one true God who made us to be "the sheep of his pasture" (st. 2), and God's love and faithfulness never fail (st. 4).

The Psalter Hymnal includes both an English and a French versification. The English text by William Kethe (b. Scotland [?], date unknown; d. Dorset, England, c. 1594) is the oldest metrical psalm text in the Psalter Hymnal It first appeared in the Anglo-Genevan Psalter of l561 and in John Day's Psalmes of David in English Metre (PHH 69), also of 1561. Since then it has been published in virtually all English-language psalters and hymnals. The French text (opposite 101 in the Psalter Hymnal) is taken from the French hymnal Psaumes et Cantiques (1891); it is included as a tribute to the original language of the Calvinist Psalter.

Both the time and place of Kethe's birth and death are unknown, although scholars think he was a Scotsman. A Protestant, he fled to the continent during Queen Mary's persecution in the late 1550s. He lived in Geneva for some time but traveled to Basel and Strasbourg to maintain contact with other English refugees. Kethe is thought to be one of the scholars who translated and published the English-language Geneva Bible (1560), a version favored over the King James Bible by the Pilgrim fathers. The twenty-five psalm versifications Kethe prepared for the Anglo-Genevan Psalter of 1561 were also adopted into the Scottish Psalter of 1565. His versification of Psalm 100 is the only one that found its way into modern psalmody.

Liturgical Use:
Many uses beyond its traditional role at the beginning of worship.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook
===========================
All people that on earth do dwell. [Ps. c.] The memories which have gathered round this rendering of the 100th Psalm, together with the uncertainty of its authorship, require us to trace its history, to note its true text, and to determine, if possible, its author,
I.History.—It appeared for the first time in the Psalter, published in London by John Daye, in 1560-1, and in the Anglo-Genevan Psalter, printed at Geneva, in 1561. In the full English Psalter of 1562 it is not found, but in an Appendix to the edition of 1564 (British Museum) it is given, and again in the body of the work in 1565 (Brit. Mus.). It was also included in the Scottish Psalter of 1564. From 1564 it reappeared in all editions of the English and Scottish Psalters, and is also found in most hymnbooks published during the past 150 years.
II. Text.—The original text from the only copy of Daye's Psalter, 1560-1, known, and in which it is printed in the old black-letter text of the period, is as follows:—

"Psalme C.
Al people yt on earth do dwel,
sing to yc lord, with chereful voice
Him serve wt fear, his praise forth tel,
come ye before him and reioyce.

The Lord ye know is God in dede,
with out our aide, he did us make:
We are his folck, he doth us fede,
and for his Shepe, he doth us take.

Oh enter then his gates with prayse
approche with ioye, his courtes unto:
Praise, laude, and blesse his name alwayes,
for it is semely so to doe.

For why? the Lord our God is good,
his mercy is for euer sure:
His trueth at all tymes firmely stood
and shall from age to age indure."
[Orig. ed. 1560-1, London, J. Daye.]

In what form this text reached Geneva, whether in manuscript or in a copy of Daye's edition, cannot be determined.
III. Authorship.—This is somewhat difficult to determine. The evidence is this:—
1. Daye's Psalter, 1560-1. No signature.
2. Anglo-Genevan Psalter, 1561. "Tho. Ster."
3. Britwell Psalter, 1561. "W. Ke."
4. Scottish Psalter, 1564. " W. Ke."
5. Daye's Appendix, 1564. No signature.
6. Daye's Psalter, 1565. No signature.
7. Daye's Psalter, 1566. No signature.
8. Crespin's Psalter (Geneva), 1561). No signature.
9. Daye's Psalter, 1579. No signature.
10. Daye's Psalter, 1587. "J. H."
These are all the Psalters known which have any value in determining the question. This evidence is certainly in favour of W. Kethe, and this is the more conclusive when we remember that the Britwell Psalter, 1561, and the Scottish Psalter of 1564, are reprints of the Anglo-Genevan Psalter, with
such corrections in spelling as an English work printed on the Continent would call for, and constitute together a distinct family from the Daye Psalters. The metre is also in Kethe's favour, and decisive against both Sternhold and Hopkins. Its correct subscription is therefore "W. Kethe, 1560-1."
Although the history of tunes forms no part of our work, a few facts concerning "The Old Hundredth " may not be unacceptable. It first appeared in the enlarged edition of the French Genevan Psalter, published in 1551, as the tune to Ps. cxxxiv. The first half of the tune is a musical phrase which is found in various combinations both before and after that time; but the latter part of the tune, and the form of the whole of it, is the work of Louis Bourgeois, who, and not Guillaume Franc, is now known to be the editor of this edition of the French Genevan Psalter. Kethe's version of Ps. c. was doubtless written for this tune.

-- Excerpts from John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)

Tune

OLD HUNDREDTH

This tune is likely the work of the composer named here, but has also been attributed to others as shown in the instances list above. According to the Handbook to the Baptist Hymnal (1992), Old 100th first appeared in the Genevan Psalter, and "the first half of the tune contains phrases which may ha…

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Timeline

Media

Baptist Hymnal 1991 #5
The Cyber Hymnal #110
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #100
Worship and Rejoice #661
The Whole Booke of Psalmes: collected in English meeter #56a
  • XML score (XML)

Instances

Instances (56)TextImageAudioScoreFlexscore
A New Hymnal for Colleges and School #1Text
A New Hymnal for Colleges and School #2
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #5TextImageAudioScore
Baptist Hymnal 2008 #40TextImage
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #331Image
Celebration Hymnal #101TextImage
Chalice Hymnal #18Text
Christian Worship: a Lutheran hymnal #233Text
Church Family Worship #367
Church Hymnal, Fifth Edition #683
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #63bText
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #63aText
Common Praise (1998) #349Text
Complete Anglican Hymns Old & New #21
Complete Mission Praise #20
Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary #51Text
Evangelical Lutheran Worship #883Image
Gather (3rd ed.) #853Image
Gather Comprehensive #747Text
Gather Comprehensive, Second Edition #746
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #385TextImageAudioFlexscore
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #377TextImage
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #378TextImage
Hymns Ancient & Modern, New Standard Edition #100
Hymns for a Pilgrim People #8
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #14
Hymns of Faith #53TextImage
Hymns of Truth & Light #20
Hymns of Truth & Light #21
Hymns Old and New: New Anglican #17
Lead Me, Guide Me (2nd ed.) #674
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #1ImageAudioFlexscore
Lutheran Service Book #791Text
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #220TextImage
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #221TextImage
Psalms for All Seasons: a complete Psalter for worship #100AImage
Psalms for All Seasons: a complete Psalter for worship #100BImage
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #100TextImageAudioScore
Rejoice in the Lord #120Text
Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #16
Sing Glory: Hymns, Psalms and Songs for a New Century #77
Sing Joyfully #42TextImage
Songs for Life #10Text
The Christian Life Hymnal #21
The Covenant Hymnal: a worshipbook #42
The Cyber Hymnal #110TextAudioScore
The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #20
The New Century Hymnal #7Image
The United Methodist Hymnal #75TextImage
The Worshiping Church #317TextImageFlexscore
Together in Song: Australian Hymn Book II #59
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #1TextImageFlexscore
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #822Text
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #823Text
Worship and Rejoice #661TextImageAudioScore
Worship in Song: A Friends Hymnal #3