Lo! He Comes with Clouds Descending

Full Text

1 Lo! he comes, with clouds descending,
Once for guilty sinners slain!
Thousand thousand saints attending
Swell the triumph of his train:
Hallelujah!
Alleluia! Amen.

2 Every eye shall now behold him,
Robed in dreadful majesty;
Those who set at naught and sold him,
Pierced, and nailed him to the tree,
Deeply wailing,
Shall the true Messiah see.

3 Every island, sea, and mountain,
Heaven and earth, shall flee away:
All who hate him must confounded,
Hear the trump proclaim the day;
Come to judgment!
Come to judgment! Come away!

4 Now redemption long expected,
See! in solemn pomp appear!
All his saints by man rejected,
Now shall meet him in the air!
Hallelujah!
See the day of God appear!

5 Answer thine own bride and spirit,
Hasten, Lord, the general doom!
The new heaven and earth to inherit,
Take thy pining exiles home:
All creation
Travails, groans, and bids thee come!

6 Yea! Amen! let all adore thee,
High on thine eternal throne!
Savior, take the power and glory:
Claim the kingdom for thine own!
O come quickly,
Hallelujah! Come, Lord, come!

The Christian's duty, exhibited in a series of hymns, 1791

Author: Charles Wesley

Charles Wesley, the son of Samuel Wesley, was born at Epworth, Dec. 18, 1707. He was educated at Westminster School and afterwards at Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated M.A. In 1735, he took Orders and immediately proceeded with his brother John to Georgia, both being employed as missionaries of the S.P.G. He returned to England in 1736. For many years he engaged with his brother in preaching the Gospel. He died March 29, 1788. To Charles Wesley has been justly assigned the appellation of the "Bard of Methodism." His prominence in hymn writing may be judged from the fact that in the "Wesleyan Hymn Book," 623 of the 770 hymns were written by him; and he published more than thirty poetical works, written either by himself alone,… Go to person page >

Text Information

First Line: Lo! He comes with clouds descending
Title: Lo! He Comes with Clouds Descending
Author: Charles Wesley (1758)
Meter: 8.7.8.7.4.7
Language: English
Publication Date: 1874
Copyright: This text in in the public domain in the United States because it was published before 1923.

Notes

Scripture References:
st. 1 = Matt. 24:30, Rev. 5:11-13
st. 2 = Rev. 1:7, Zech. 12:10, John 19:37

In 1750 John Cennick, a friend of John and Charles Wesley (PHH 267), wrote an Advent hymn that began, "Lo! he cometh, countless trumpets blow before his bloody sign!" Cennick's hymn was published in his Collection (1752). Charles Wesley completely rewrote the text and published his version in Hymns of Intercession for all Mankind (1758) with the title "Thy Kingdom Come" (changed to "The Second Advent" in other editions). Though later hymnals occasionally mixed Cennick's lines with Wesley's, the Psalter Hymnal includes most of Wesley's original text.

Like so many of Wesley's texts, "Lo! He Comes" abounds with biblical imagery. Stanzas 1, 2, and 4 are based on the rich language of John's apocalyptic visions recorded in Revelation 1:7 and 5:11-13. The third stanza reminds us that Christ's wounds and atoning death should lead us to greater faith and ultimately to our worship of Christ in glory (as Christ himself reminded the doubting Thomas). Stanza 4 is a majestic doxology to Christ, our Savior and Lord.

Liturgical Use:
Advent; other worship services that focus on Christ's coming again in glory.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook
========================

Lo! He comes with clouds descending, Once for favoured sinners slain. [The Second Advent.] The hymn in modern collections which opens with these lines is a cento of a somewhat complicated character, und will need, for clearness and accuracy, the reproduction of the original text of several hymns.
1. The first form of the hymn is by John Cennick. There is evidence to show that it was sung by the congregation of the Moravian Chapel, in Dublin, on April 20, 1750; but the earliest printed text known appeared in the fifth (1752) edition of Cennick's Collection of Sacred Hymns, &c, Dublin, S[amuel] rowell, and is as follows:—

[1] "Lo! He cometh, countless trumpets
Blow before his bloody sign!
'Midst ten thousand saints and angels,
See the Crucified shine.
Allelujah!
Welcome, welcome bleeding Lamb!

[2] "Now His merits by the harpers,
Thro' the eternal deeps resounds!
Now resplendent shine His nailprints,
Every eye shall see His wounds!
They who pierced Him, Shall at His appearing wail.

[3] "Every island, sea, and mountain,
Heaven and earth shall flee away!
All who hate Him must, ashamed,
Hear the trump proclaim His day:
Come to judgment!
Stand before the Son of Man!

[4] "All who love Him view His glory,
Shining in His bruised Face:
His dear Person on the rainbow,
Now His people's heads shall raise:
Happy mourners!
Now on clouds He comes! He comes!

[5] “Now redemption, long expected,
See, in solemn pomp appear:
All His people, once despised,
Now shall meet Him in the air:
Allelujah!
Now the promised kingdom's come!

[6] "View Him smiling, now determined
Every evil to destroy!
All the nations now shall sing Him
Songs of everlastingjoy!
O come quickly!
Allelujah ! come Lord, come!"

2. The next form is by Charles Wesley. In 1758 was published the Hymns of Intercession for All Mankind, a tract of 40 hymns. (Poetical Works1868-72, vol. vi. 148.) Of these there were three in the same metre, viz.:—
xxxviii. “Rise, ye dearly purchased sinners."
xxxix. "Lo! He comes with clouds descending.”
xl. "Lift your heads, ye friends of Jesus."
The original text of the second of these hymns is as follows:—

"1. Lo! He comes with clouds descending,
Once for favour'd sinners slain!
Thousand, thousand saints attending,
Swell the triumph of his train:
Hallelujah,
God appears, on earth to reign !
"2. Every eye shall now behold Him
Rob'd in dreadful majesty,
Those who set at nought and sold Him,
Pierc'd, and nail'd Him to the tree,
Deeply wailing Shall the true Messiah see.
"3. The dear tokens of his passion
Still His dazling body bears,
Cause of endless exultation
To his ransom'd worshippers;
With what rapture
Gaze we on those glorious scars!
"4. Yea, amen! let all adore Thee
High on thine eternal throne!
Saviour, take the power and glory,
Claim the kingdom for thine own:
Jah, Jehovah,
Everlasting God, come down."

3. The third form of the text is really the first form of the modern cento. It was given by M. Madan in his Collection of Psalms & Hymns, &c., 1760, No. 42.
4. This cento, with the omission of stanza v. came into general use, and was rarely altered until after 1830, when Hall, in his Mitre Hymn Book, 1836, and others, began to tamper with the text. Several editors were assisted in making their alterations and changes in the text through T. Olivers's hymn, "Come, Immortal King of Glory" (q.v.), first published in 20 stanzas without date; and then in 36 stanzas in 1763. The fourth stanza of the 1763 text reads :—

“Lo! He comes with clouds descending;
Hark! the trump of God is blown;
And th' archangel's voice attending,
Make the high procession known,
Sons of Adam
Rise and stand before your God."

A cento from this hymn, and beginning with this stanza, is given in Lord Selborne's Book of Praise, 1862. Either from the original, or from Lord Selborne's cento, several lines by Olivers are interwoven in some modern collections with Madan's cento of 1760, as in Thring's Collection, 1882, where in stanza iv. lines 5, 6 are from Olivers's stanza xxxv.
5. The alterations which are found in the Madan cento in modern hymnbooks are very numerous, and range from a single word to several lines. Of these altered versions more than twenty exist in the hymn-books now in common use in English-speaking countries. These alterations have not been made to suit any special school of thought, and in most cases they weaken, instead of strengthen the hymn. They can easily be detected by comparing any text with those given above.
6. Amongst the imitations of this hymn that are in common use we have "Lo! He comes with clouds descending," with stanza ii. beginning “See the universe in motion." This imitation embodies a great many lines from Wesley's text. It is by M. Bridges, and was published in his Hymns of the Heart, 1848, in 9 stanzas. In 1855 it was given in H. W. Beecher's Plymouth Collection, with the omission of stanza iv., and attributed to Brydges in error. A second imitation is: “Lo! He comes with pomp victorious." This is given anonymously in the 1876 edition of E. Harland's Church Psalter and Hymnal.
7. The Cennick-Wesley cento (Madan’s) is one of the most popular hymns in the English language, and is in extensive use in all English-speaking countries. It has also been translated into many languages. The translation into Latin, "Nube vectus en descendit," by the Rev. C. B. Pearson in his Latin Translation of English Hymns, 1862, p. 19, is from Wesley's text, with the addition of Cennick's stanza v.
8. The history of the tune "Olivers" in its original form, and also in its recast form as "Helmsley," both of which are inseparably associated with this hymn, is given by Major Crawford in Grove's Dictionary of Music, vol. ii. p. 161. It appears from this article that Thomas Olivers (who is named above, and is the author of the popular hymn "The God of Abraham praise") constructed a tune partly out of a concert-room song, beginning "Guardian angels, now protect me," and the same was published in Wesley's Select Hymns and Tunes Annexed, 1765, under the title Olivers. In 1769 it was recast by M. Madan, and published under the name of Helmsley, in his Collection of Hymn and Psalm Tunes. Four years afterwards a burlesque called The Golden Pippin (1769) was produced in London, and failed. In 1776 it was revived in a shortened form, and one of the actresses, Miss Catley, introduced into it the melody of "Guardian angels" adapted to the words of the burlesque. Although there is no indication of this in the book of words, she no doubt concluded the song, on which Olivers had based his tune eleven years before, by dancing "Miss Catley's Hornpipe," constructed for the purpose out of the then popular Helmsley. It seems, therefore, that instead of the hymn tune being liable to the obloquy, so continually cast upon it, of being made out of "Miss Catley's Hornpipe," the hornpipe was made out of the tune.

--Excerpts from John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)

Tune

ST. THOMAS (Wade)

This tune is likely the work of the composer named here, but has also been attributed to others as shown in the instances list above.

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HELMSLEY

John Wesley attributed the tune HELMSLEY to Thomas Olivers in Wesley's 1765 Sacred Melodies with his brother's text of "Lo! He Comes with Clouds Descending." However, Olivers is said to have heard the tune on the street somewhere. Since the first line resembles a tune by violinist and composer Thoma…

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REGENT SQUARE (Smart)

Henry T. Smart (PHH 233) composed REGENT SQUARE for the Horatius Bonar (PHH 260) doxology "Glory be to God the Father." The tune was first published in the English Presbyterian Church's Psalms and Hymns for Divine Worship (1867), of which Smart was music editor. Because the text editor of that hymna…

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Timeline

Media

Baptist Hymnal 1991 #199
The Cyber Hymnal #3717
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #612
The United Methodist Hymnal #718
Worship and Rejoice #318

Instances

Instances (38)TextImageAudioScoreFlexscore
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #199TextImageAudioScore
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #100Image
Celebration Hymnal #754Image
Christian Worship: a Lutheran hymnal #29Text
Christian Worship: supplement #704Text
Church Family Worship #599
Church Hymnal, Fifth Edition #132
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #477Text
Common Praise (1998) #114Text
Complete Anglican Hymns Old & New #414
Complete Mission Praise #424
Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary #98Text
Evangelical Lutheran Worship #435Image
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #348TextImageAudioFlexscore
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #57TextImage
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #58TextImage
Hymns Ancient & Modern, New Standard Edition #28
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #196
Hymns Old and New: New Anglican #307
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #479ImageAudioFlexscore
Lutheran Service Book #336Text
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #6TextImage
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #612TextImageAudioScore
Rejoice in the Lord #605Text
Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #211
Sing Glory: Hymns, Psalms and Songs for a New Century #438
Sing Joyfully #572TextImage
The Christian Life Hymnal #210
The Christian Life Hymnal #211
The Covenant Hymnal: a worshipbook #768
The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #241
The United Methodist Hymnal #718TextImageAudioScoreFlexscore
The Worshiping Church #283TextImage
Together in Song: Australian Hymn Book II #273
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #318TextImageFlexscore
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #25Text
Welsh and English Hymns and Anthems #32b
Worship and Rejoice #318TextImageAudioScore



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